How is Health promotion and education related? :                       

The frequently asked questions


When health promotion is being discussed in the table, one would automatically think of the ministry of health or the medical field or even hospital which mistakenly thought as the only one who should take in charge of public health. Asean university network thinks otherwise and here’s why. 

 

Question:

Is health promotion a new concept? 

Answer:

No.

The concept of Health Promotion has long been conceived by the policy makers in the international community. It can be traced back when the Declaration of Alma-Ata in 1978 was written in response to the existing gross inequality in the health status of the people particularly between developed and developing states. It was then that health was declared as a fundamental human right and that the attainment of the highest possible level of health is a most important world-wide social goal. Nine years later, it gave birth to a charter which responses to the growing expectations for a new public health movement around the world, known as the 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion.  It was then that the internationally recognized definition of health promotion was agreed upon which is “health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health”. The Charter also enumerated ways on how to enable this definition and how to move forward in realizing the aims of the charter. However, due to the continuously changing world brought by various factors such as environment, population, globalization, urbanization, and industrialization, the international community realized that what was written 11 years ago might not be responding to the status quo. In response to these changes, Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century was written in 1997. The 1997 Jakarta Declaration had come up with new ways on how to realize the Ottawa Charter in the rapidly changing world of the 21st Century. And in 2005, in complement to the previously adopted declarations guided by the values and principles of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World was adopted bearing in mind that the global context for health promotion has changed markedly since the development of the first charter. 

 

 

Question:

There are so many declarations already, how are they different from one another?

Answer:

Though these declarations and charters on Heath Promotion were written and adopted in different periods, situations, and contexts, there are factors that remain common among them, importance of collaboration (1978), engagement (1986), participation (1997), and partnerships and alliances (2005) in successfully implementing and realizing a healthy world through health promotion.

 

Question:

So how is Health Promotion related to education then?

Answer:

Health promotion is an imperative process that enables people to exercise some controls over the determinants of health and thereby improves their mental and physical well-being. Good health is also one of the important key factors for socio-economic developments as this will increase the extent of civilian participation within the society and also community. Higher education institutions play an important role to promote good health and also sustain health promotion knowledge for long-term awareness because education is seen as a very vital tool in health promotion because of its core driven function: to educate. Starting with the link between education and health, the function educational institutions is crucial in three degrees. Its influence through its curriculum, target market (students, teachers, school staffs, parents, future policy makers, and practitioners of various fields), and research (best practices). Therefore Health Promotion and Education is indeed important thus the need for a Health Promotion Network in the region.

 

Question:

What is this Health Promotion Network all about?

Answer:

The project aims to enhance the roles of universities in the context of health promotion within the society and community, and to develop cross-border collaboration among universities in this area as practiced and provided by higher education institutions.

 

Question:

Who would implement this network? And how? 

Answer:

To implement the concept of the AUN Health Promotion Network, the ASEAN University Network (AUN) will be the key point to take leading role in cooperating with higher education institutions in this field. As stated in AUN’s mandate, the main task is to strengthen the network of cooperation among leading universities in ASEAN and to accelerate the development of the region in a wide range of fields. AUN also takes into account the ASEAN roadmap which one of the goals for its activities includes Multi-Disciplinary Collaborative Research for Community Well-Being, which aims for public benefits.

 

Question:

How would you start such a grand vision and plan for the Health Promotion Network?

Answer:

AUN will kick start the plan through the AUN Policy-Action Workshop on Health Promotion in Japan and ASEAN: Towards a Cross-Border and Interdisciplinary Collaboration on the Roles of Universities in Societal-Communal Empowerment for Sustainable Wellness.

 

Question:

What are the objectives of this workshop?

Answer:

The workshop aims to:

  • Provide discussion platform for stakeholders who involve in health promotion activities, ranging from policymaker, expert, practitioner, student and community from ASEAN and Japan, for intellectual exchanging and experience sharing on the success stories and lesson-learned of good practices undertaken by their organizations;
  • Explore impacts and constrains of the current health promotion policy and practices implemented by participating universities in order to search for the concrete cross-border collaboration among East Asian universities in the area of health promotion;
  • Promote the proactive roles of universities on particular policy-action oriented which related to community and public health promotion;   
  • Proactively promote the sustainable resource sharing platform of knowledge in the area of health promotion; and,
  • Make appropriate recommendations for further development of collaboration framework on interdisciplinary health promotion in East Asian region.

Question:
When is the workshop?

Answer:

Due to the current political turmoil in Bangkok, the AUN Secretariat decided to postpone the Health Promotion Workshop which was originally scheduled on 16-17 December 2013. Further information will be given as soon as the condition in Bangkok has become stable.